Harold Arlen Harold Arlen www.haroldarlen.com
Biography Photo Album Music Tributes Licensing Featured Song



 The Early Years
 A Dream to Perform
 The Cotton Club Years
 Let's Fall In Love - Anya Taranda
 We're Off To See The Wizard! - Composing the Score to the Wizard of Oz
 My Shining Hour - The Great Composer (Part 1)
 A Star is Born- The Great Composer (Part 2)
 Last Night When We Were Young - Conclusion



At the Circus - Groucho MarxHarold Arlen remained extremely busy in the years after The Wizard of Oz, not to mention extremely successful! Four months after the release of The Wizard of Oz in August 1939, M-G-M also released another film with a score written by Harold Arlen and E.Y. Harburg called At the Circus. From the movie, which starred the Marx Brothers, came the comical song entitled Lydia the Tattooed Lady. Then, in 1940, Harold wrote the score for the American Negro Suite with Ted Koehler. The songs from the show have been heralded as major contributions to American folk music.

While he was collaborating with Koehler on the American Negro Suite, Arlen was commissioned to write an instrumental work. At the time, Anya had been studying ballet and so, with his wife in mind, Harold chose to write a piece in the form of a minuet. Titled American Minuet, this work of considerable grace and charm is not very well-known. Though it added to his already sizable professional reputation by demonstrating yet another of his many writing styles, it was not the kind of work that paid the rent.

Blues in The NightSo, early in 1941, Harold returned to Warner Brothers and was assigned to work with Johnny Mercer on a film script called Hot Nocturne. Of particular importance was a scene where the hero is tossed into jail with his friends and a black man in a nearby cell is singing the blues. Harold was determined to come up with something musically strong and worthy of a fine voice, so he locked himself in his study and analyzed recordings of the blues. After two days at it, Harold emerged with a melody. Mercer, upon hearing it, began inventing lyrical ideas that quickly covered four pages. Harold admired the lyricist's work and suggested only one change - that a line appearing on the fourth page be placed at the beginning of the song. The line was "My mamma done tol' me..." and the song was, of course, Blues in the Night. It proved impressive enough to give a new title to the film too; Hot Nocturne became Blues in the Night. The title song, just like Get Happy, Stormy Weather, and Over the Rainbow, became an overnight hit!

On completing the Warner Brothers assignment, Arlen and Mercer moved to Paramount. The movie industry, by early 1942, was geared for war. Service films were ground out regularly, as were all-star musicals. Paramount's biggest all-star musical was Star Spangled Rhythm, for which Arlen and Mercer wrote That Old Black Magic, and Hit the Road to Dreamland.

Their next job was a less impressive one for RKO in 1943. The story was simply about a Flying Tiger pilot on leave, who was charmingly portrayed by Fred Astaire. The film, titled The Sky's the Limit, was not the success the studio hoped it would be. However, two of the songs became tremendous hits. Fred Astaire recalled that "several months [after the film], My Shining Hour became the number-one song of its day and One for My Baby (And One More for the Road) has become a standard classic popular song and one of the best pieces of material that was ever written especially for me." The One for My Baby sequence, staged and choreographed by Astaire, was one of the year's film highlights.

Here Comes the WavesFor their next pair of films, Arlen and Mercer switched studios again, this time back to Paramount to write a score for Bing Crosby and Betty Hutton. 1944 and still wartime, Here Comes the Waves was yet another service film. Work on Here Comes the Waves had reached the point where inventing just one more song seemed a major impossibility. The songwriters decided to freshen their views by taking a drive, yet continued to discuss their work with bleak discouragement. Suddenly, Johnny ask Harold, "How does that little thing go, I've heard you humming - the spiritual?" Arlen complied by humming it, but found it difficult to be cheerful. Johnny brightened with, "You've got to accentuate the positive..." When Harold sang his melody again, he recognized that Mercer's phrase clearly fit the music. By the time they had finished their drive, they had pretty much completed the song. Ac-Cent-Tchu-Ate the Positive was interpolated into Here Comes the Waves and became a tremendous hit. The film, on the other hand, was not well received by the critics. In fact, the New York Tribune found nothing of value in the film but the songs.

The film's reception didn't concern Arlen and Mercer, as the two had already begun work on their next project - a Broadway musical entitled St. Louis Woman. In late summer and autumn of 1945, the team was devoted to work on the new musical. One of its best songs came out of a single evening's work in October. Mercer had come over to the Arlens' and remained in the study while Harold went into the living room and "toyed around with an idea." When Harold played the tune for Johnny, the lyricist liked it and even came up with a fitting opening line, "I'm gonna love you, like nobody's loved you," after which he paused for a moment. Into the brief silence Arlen jokingly injected, "Come hell or high water...," to which Mercer reacted by saying, "Of course, why didn't I think of that - 'Come rain or come shine.'" Before Mercer went home that night, the song Come Rain or Come Shine was complete.

St. Louis Woman opened in 1946, but was not well-received. Ironically, with time, it has been hailed as the Arlen-Mercer masterpiece. The score boasts other great songs like Anyplace I Hang My Hat is Home, I Had Myself A True Love, and I Wonder What Became of Me? After only 113 performances, the show closed on Broadway and Arlen and Mercer returned to California.

Bloomer GirlBut Arlen was not a failure on Broadway by any means. While working with Mercer on Here Comes the Waves, Harold was also busy with E.Y. Harburg writing a musical entitled Bloomer Girl. The musical touched upon, among other things, women's rights, slavery, the Civil War and the Underground Railroad. Songs like Evelina, Right as the Rain, and slave-song The Eagle and Me are just a few of the greats to come out of this show. The musical opened in 1944 and was a tremendous success. Variety magazine stated, "Bloomer Latest Broadway Smash $20,000 in 1st 4 Shows."

The Farmer Takes A WifeHarold went back to writing for films following his layoff from St. Louis Woman. He first began work on Casbah with lyricist Leo Robin in 1948. Out of this film came For Every Man There's A Woman and Hooray for Love. In 1949 he collaborated with Ralph Blane to write the score for My Blue Heaven. Then, in 1950 he worked with old pal Johnny Mercer on the film The Petty Girl, out of which came the song Fancy Free. In 1950-51 he collaborated again with Ralph Blane to write the score for film Down Among the Sheltering Palms. Finally, he teamed up with Dorothy Fields twice: once in 1951 on a film called Mr. Imperium and then again in 1952 on The Farmer Takes a Wife. Although none of these films were terribly successful, Harold's career continued to shine.

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